Step 1: Discover Diabetes. What is diabetes? There are three different types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes – Your body does not make insulin.
Step 1: Discover Diabetes.
What is diabetes?
There are three different types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes – Your body does not make insulin. This is difficult since you require insulin to transform sugar (glucose) ingested through meals into energy for your body. To live, you must take insulin every day.
Type 2 diabetes – Your body’s inability to produce or utilize insulin causes it to malfunction. To manage your diabetes, you may need to take pills or injections. Type 2 diabetes is the most prevalent type of diabetes.
Gestational diabetes – This form of diabetes develops in some women while pregnant. After the kid is born, it usually fades away. However, these moms and their children have an enhanced risk of developing diabetes later in life, even if it goes away after delivery.
Step 2: Learn your ABCs of Diabetes.
Consider consulting with your doctor or healthcare provider about managing your A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol. This can help reduce the likelihood of having a heart attack, stroke, or other diabetes complications.
A Represents the A1C test (A-one-C).
The A1C is a three-month blood sugar level average. It’s not the same as your daily blood sugar tests.
Why is it essential?
You’ll need to keep track of your blood sugar levels over time. You don’t want those figures to get out of hand. High blood sugar levels can harm your heart, arteries, kidneys, feet, and eyes.
What is the A1C Aim?
For many people with diabetes, the A1C aim is below 7. It may be different for you. Inquire about what your goal should be.
B for Blood pressure.
The pressure of your blood against your veins’ walls is known as blood pressure.
What’s the significance of this?
A heart attack, stroke, and damage to your kidneys and eyes are possible if your blood pressure rises too much.
What is the desired blood pressure level?
The blood pressure goal for most people with diabetes is less than 140/90. It’s possible that it will be different for you. Inquire about your ideal blood pressure level.
C for Cholesterol.
LDL and HDL are two forms of cholesterol found in your blood.
LDL cholesterol, often known as “bad” cholesterol, may accumulate and clog your blood vessels. It can lead to a heart attack or stroke.
HDL or “good” cholesterol aids in the removal of “bad” cholesterol from your blood vessels.
What are the LDL and HDL targets?
Take inventory of your cholesterol numbers. Your objectives may be different from those of other people. If you are over the age of 40, you might need to take a statin medicine for heart health.
Step 3: Learn how to Cope with Diabetes.
When you have diabetes, it’s all too easy to be overwhelmed, sad, or furious. You may be aware of the measures needed to maintain a healthy lifestyle, but it isn’t easy to keep your resolve over time. This section offers suggestions on how to deal with diabetes, eat properly, and stay active.
- High blood sugar levels can be caused by stress. Learn how to reduce your stress level. Deep breathing, gardening, going for a walk, meditation, working on a hobby, or listening to your favorite music are just a few ideas for reducing stress.
- Eat well.
- Make a diabetes meal plan with the aid of your health care team.
- Reduce calories, trans fat, saturated fat, sugar, and salt from your diet.
- Fiber-rich foods are good choices, such as whole-grain cereals, bread, crackers, rice, and pasta.
- Fill your fridge with nutritious foods like fruits, veggies, whole grains, bread and cereals, and low-fat milk and cheese.
- Instead of juice and other soft drinks, drink water.
- Serve half of your plate with fruits and veggies, one quarter with healthy proteins like beans or chicken or turkey (skinned), and one quarter with a whole grain like brown rice or whole-wheat pasta when eating a meal.
Step 4: To Stay Healthy, you Must have Regular Care.
Regular visits to your health care team twice a year are critical for detecting and treating any issues early on.
At each session, be sure you have a:
- Blood pressure check
- Weight check
- Foot check
- A complete evaluation of your self-care strategy is required.
Every other year, make an appointment for:
- A1C test. It may be monitored more often if it is over 7.
Every year, be sure you have a:
- Complete foot exam
- Cholesterol test
- A complete dental examination
- An eye examination for dilated pupils to detect eye issues
- Urine and a blood test to diagnose kidney problems
- Flu shot
At least once in your lifetime, ensure you get a:
- Pneumonia Shot
- Hepatitis B Shot
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